This village, initially born as a purely rural village, was used as a Tannery around the eighteenth century, due to the particular characteristics of the area, favorable to the processing of leather tanning. The presence of a water source near the village, given by the Masera torrent, the presence of plants in the surrounding hills rich in tannins, such as the Sommacco and, finally, the presence of hills around the village in an optimal position for drying the leathers are some of the reasons why it was decided to make Cunziria here.
The site, consisting of two main chambers, was initially used in the late ancient period (III – VI century AD) as a necropolis by the inhabitants of a local village. There are graves both outside, partially hidden by vegetation, and inside.
I speak about Motta Sant’Anastasia, a town of 12 thousand inhabitants whose characteristic is unique in all of Italy. It stands on a lava Neck. What is a lava Neck? Summarizing, the fortress on which the municipality of Motta Sant’Anastasia rises, was originally an eruptive cone produced by Etna in the Ice Age, around 500 thousand years ago. The magmatic material contained in the chimney solidified over time, preventing it from escaping from the cone. Parallel to this, the atmospheric agents gave rise to a progressive process of erosion of the external eruptive cone, thus causing the solidified magmatic material contained within to emerge over the millennia. The Neck, in fact, 65 meters high and made up of prismatic columnar basalts with a pentagonal or hexagonal section.